Category Archives: During WWI

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Major Battles

Category : During WWI

There were a lot of small battles during WWI but only five major battles. The following were the five main battles during WWI.

  1. Battle of Verdun:
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  • This was the longest single war during WWI, started in February 1916 and ended in December 1916. (The Battle of Verdun, co)
  • It was a battle between Germany and French. There were at least 70 thousand casualties resulted from this battle.
  • German Chief of General Staff, von Falkenhayn planned to put a mass of soldiers to Verdun in France to defeat France quickly, but France was well prepared and they had new troops so they weren’t defeated by Germany but kept fighting with Germany in Verdun.
  • Weapon used: flame projectors, gas bomb, tear bomb and bombers.
  • Strategy used: trench warfare.
  • Both Germany and France had huge loss on soldiers.
  1. Battle of Somme
  • This was a battle of Britain and France’s operation to attack Germany and this was the biggest battle throughout the entire WWI that it cost the most and had casualties over 1.3 million.WWI_British_cemetery_at_Abbeville-2
  • This battle was originally aimed to distract Germany’s attention on the battle of Verdun. The battle started in June 1916 and ended in November 1916.
  • Weapon used: tank (this was the first time for Britain to use tanks)
  • Result: no one won but Britain and France recaptured 200 square kilometer land from Germany.
  1. Battle of Jutland
  • This was the greatest naval battle in WWI and it was fired between Britain and Germany.
  • Germany wanted to gain the sea supremacy through defeating Britain in the sea but they failed because Britain had more naval power.
  1. First battle of Marne
  • This happened in 1914, at the beginning of WWI.Battle-of-Verdun
  • Germany was trying to attack France quickly through invading Marne but because of French new troops they failed.
  • The fail of Germany from attacking Marne caused formation of the stalemate on the western front.
  • (If you want to know more information about the stalemate on the western front, please go the menu and then go to the During WWI – Strategy page.)
  1. Second battle of Marne
  • The fifth major battle was the second battle of Marne.Marne
  • This battle started in and May 1918 ended in June 1918.
  • The Second Battle of the Marne was a battle between the Allies and Germany and it ended with the first allied offensive victory of 1918 (Second battle of Marne, com)
  • Because Germany have already been participating in the war for a long time so it was lots weaker than at the beginning. However, as US entered the war, it supported the Allies with fresh troops and more weaponries to fight against with Germany.
  • Because of the fresh troops and weapons, the Allies won this battle and turned the war to a new side that Germany was going weaker but the Allies still had enough power.

 

 

 

 


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New Weaponry

Category : During WWI

New Weaponrywwi_gas_mask

  • There were lots of new weaponries invented because of militarism that all the nations wanted to improve their weapons and technology in order to strengthen themselves. However, although they have invented new technologies, armies were still using the old tactics.
  • The first new technology was the poison gas. One kind of the poison gas was the mustard gas (chlorine gas) which would cause soldier to be blind (org). If soldiers became blind during the war, it would definitely be beneficial for the other side. However, since they were using the old tactics, nations found out that when they were using the poison gas, both sides of the soldiers would be poisoned including themselves so later they have invented gas mask for poison gas.WorldWarI-1
  • More advanced guns (automatic guns) were also invented which directly caused more casualties.
  • Planes were used for battles. At the beginning planes were only used to spot enemies but later started with Germany’s airship zeppelins, airplanes were also put into battles to fighting.
  • Tanks and submarines were also used into the war. Especially the submarines, for naval race and the unrestricted submarine warfare, submarines played important role.

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Soldier’s Perspective

Category : During WWI

At the beginning of the war:

  • Soldiers were willing to attend the war because they thought the war would end in a short period.WWI
  • As the nations’ leaders were preparing for the war, there were lots of propagandas brainwashing the soldiers to participate in the war.
  • Soldiers were brainwashed that they thought participating in the war would be proud.

At the end of the war:

  • Soldiers wanted to stop the war because tens of soldiers were killed or wounded and the living conditions of the soldiers were extremely terrible. For example in the trench warfare there were no clean water, fresh food and even b
    asic sanitation could not be provided.
  • In the last year of the war the Russian soldiers refused to continue fighting because they missed their home and they were tired.article-2386912-1B3361D7000005DC-116_964x905
  • The following was sentence said by soldiers during the war which showed how horrible the war was and how fearful the soldiers wer

“You eat beside the dead; you drink beside the dead, you relieve yourself beside the dead and you sleep beside the dead.”

“People will read that the front line was Hell. How can people begin to know what that one word – Hell – means.”(The Battle of Verdun, Historylearningsite.co)


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Strategy

Category : During WWI

Schlieffen-Plan-1905

Schlieffen’s Plan

  • Because Germany didn’t have a lot of soldier as other European countries have, Germany decided to have a short-term war. Schlieffen gave his opinion of the short-term war.
  1. Focus military power on the western front to defeat Paris through Belgium then surround most of the French army in 6 months.
  2. Leave some power on the eastern border of German to keep Russia at bay and prevent Russia to help France before they surround French army.
  3. After successfully defeated France, shift the major military power to attack Russia
  • However his plan failed. Reasons why his plan failed.
    • Because French military leaders loaded two thousand more fresh troops to the French border Marne then Germany couldn’t quickly defeat French but turned into a stalemate with France. During the stalemate between French and Germany, soldiers stayed in the trenches in the ground in order to hide themselves because if they showed up, they would be immediately shot (killed).schlieffen1
    • When Germany was attacking Belgium as a way to get into France, Belgium didn’t surrender and they fight for pretty long time, which wasted Germany soldiers and provide French time to prepare for German’s invasion.

 

 

 


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