Daily Archives: January 19, 2016

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Strategy

Category : During WWI

Schlieffen-Plan-1905

Schlieffen’s Plan

  • Because Germany didn’t have a lot of soldier as other European countries have, Germany decided to have a short-term war. Schlieffen gave his opinion of the short-term war.
  1. Focus military power on the western front to defeat Paris through Belgium then surround most of the French army in 6 months.
  2. Leave some power on the eastern border of German to keep Russia at bay and prevent Russia to help France before they surround French army.
  3. After successfully defeated France, shift the major military power to attack Russia
  • However his plan failed. Reasons why his plan failed.
    • Because French military leaders loaded two thousand more fresh troops to the French border Marne then Germany couldn’t quickly defeat French but turned into a stalemate with France. During the stalemate between French and Germany, soldiers stayed in the trenches in the ground in order to hide themselves because if they showed up, they would be immediately shot (killed).schlieffen1
    • When Germany was attacking Belgium as a way to get into France, Belgium didn’t surrender and they fight for pretty long time, which wasted Germany soldiers and provide French time to prepare for German’s invasion.

 

 

 


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Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

Category : US In WWI

Unrestricted submarine warfareuboat-periscope

  • Started by Germany.
  • Major factor leading US to join the war
  • On January 9th, 1917, Germany announced to use the unrestricted submarine war fare.(historylearningsite.co)

 

Reasons why Germany started this tactic:

  • Germany wanted to swipe Britain away from the war.
  • Germany believed that if the consequences of the unrestricted submarine warfare were shocking enough, America would keep staying away from the war.
  • They believed that America would be afraid of them if they sucessfully cut the vessels of alliances and defeat the British royal navy.

unrest2

  • Unfortunately this tactic totally provoked America because Germany sank 3 American ships during the unrestricted submarine warfare

 

Reasons why United States entered the war:

  • Because of the unrestricted submarine warfare (Germany sank 3 American ships).
  • Zimmerman Telegram
  • A telegram sent from German Foreign Secretary in February 1917 aiming to ally with Mexico.u46
  • The telegram tells that if Mexic
    o would like to ally with German, they would help Mexico to recapture land from US.
  • The telegram was intercepted by Britain and British showed it to US.
  • US was extremely angry that they declared war on Germany in April 1917

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