Category : Causes of WWI
Alliance is an agreement between two or more countries, which contains promises of helping each other when the countries in the alliance are being attacked (Alliances, Alphahistory)
Before the war, Germany’s army has grown so fast, which already broke the image of European countries keeping a balance force. This situation has seriously given threat to British superiority since Britain was supporting a continental balance of power policy so Britain was standing on the side against Germany. On the other side, after winning the Franco-Prussian war, Germany saw France as a major enemy because it was afraid of France’s possible revenge. For purpose of
strengthen Germany’s force and isolate France, Germany chancellor Otto van Bismarck created an alliance with Austria-Hungry, which was the country fighting with Russia for the control of Balkans. Later in 1882, for military help Italy has also joined the alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungry. The alliance formed between Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungry was called the Triple Alliance.
As a response to the formation of Triple Alliance, France first signed agreements with Russian in1894 to defend. Soon, the threat of the increasing on naval power in Germany caused Britain to sign entente with France and Russia in 1907 to against Triple Alliance.
Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy) and Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia) were the two main alliances formed before the war. (World War I Alliance, Funfront)